The building facade greatly impacts how much heat has to be added or removed in order to retain a comfortable indoor climate. Given that these processes vary throughout the year, the A/S Research Team has developed an adaptive solar facade. The project combines recent developments in architecture, energy technology and robotics. It is the largest object showcasing soft robotics in architecture.
The delicate, movable photovoltaic modules can be mounted onto a lightweight structure on the building envelope. Thus, they are suited for both restoration and new construction projects. Their reduced weight also allows them to be installed in places not suited for conventional solar systems. However, the modules are not only lightweight and flexible, they are rather multifunctional. Aside from energy production, they offer shading and daylight control for the interior as well as individual adjustments to the view by the occupant. The facade is also equipped to store energy: In the case of excess energy, the excess is transformed into pressurised air, which can be stored and used to adjust the movable modules at a later stage, for example in bad weather when no energy is generated. The facade features a varied, dynamic appearance with modules continuously reacting to changes in their environment.